From farmers growing agricultural products to residential gardeners, everybody knows about putting fertiliser over their plants. But even though you do understand it as part of the process, are you aware of what nutrients and chemicals in fertilisers provide for your plants?
The three most important, commonly occurring fertiliser chemicals are: nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium.
Nitrogen is known as one of the most vital fertiliser chemicals because it is responsible for proper photosynthesis and growth. This is because nitrogen is a major component of chlorophyll, which is vital to photosynthesis.
Without sufficient nitrogen, plants will not have sufficient chlorophylls (typically presenting as pale shades of green or even yellowing in the leaves), which in turn leads in insufficient photosynthesis. This means that your plants wouldn’t be able to process energy from sunlight to convert this into the sugars and starches necessary for healthy growth.
Phosphorous is especially important for the development of seedlings and young plants as it is essential for cell division and plant growth. Without sufficient phosphorous your plants will show stunted growth, and the roots will also appear spindly.
While the plant can still grow, it will not grow well, and in fruit-baring plants you may never see any fruit on that plant. Worst of all, even if the plant does grow and receive the necessary phosphorous later, it might never fully recover.
The final essential fertiliser chemical you always want around is potassium, which affects the shape, size, colour and even taste of your plants.
Potassium plays a variety of roles in plants, including the regulation of CO2 uptake, producing Adenosine Triphosphate for energy, as well as regulating the use of water in plants.
In some settings proper potassium concentration has even been proven to aid in drought resistance, which will be of particular interest to areas suffering water shortages now (like the Western Cape).
Find a reliable fertiliser supplier
It is quite obvious, even from such a brief overview, how important these fertiliser chemicals are for your plants. So you need to make sure you have a good, reliable fertiliser supplier on call at all times. For other quality agricultural products, have a look at this agricultural directory to find whatever you may need.