Change The Agriculture Developing Method And Go An Agriculture Way Of Low-carbon

Low carbon economic is an economic model which based on low energy consumption, low discharge. Develop low-carbon economic is the requirement of deal with the relationship of economic develop and environment protection and achieve the sustainable development.

From the present, the research view of low-carbon economic development is main focus on industrialization and urbanization and focus on solve the environment problem which aroused by industry high discharge and high energy consumption, while to the basic industry of national economy, that is the urgency and importance of low-carbon economic is not enough. Low-carbon  Agriculture  is the ecological civilization road of agriculture development, the main characteristic is to reduce agricultures rely to fossil energy and go a new road of organic, ecological and efficient agriculture. To be accompanied by the development of chemical agriculture, petroleum agriculture, mechanical agriculture and the improvement of peoples life style, the energy consumption of agriculture and country increase rapidly, agriculture has become the important greenhouse gases resource. Under this background how to change agriculture developing way and how to walk a road of low-carbon should be an important task.

Change agriculture producing way. We should change the agriculture of chemical, high input, high energy consumption, low-efficiency which labels are chemical fertilizer, chemical pesticide and propagation growth regular to the agriculture of organize, ecological, low-input, low energy consumption and high-efficiency which mainly adopt organic fertilizer, biopesticide and adopt free service which supplied by natural eco-system. Form low-carbon agriculture producing method and technology structure system which traditional farming technology, cultivation method and modern science and technology combination, so we can reduce the manual work input in agriculture producing procedure, at the same time reduce the  Agriculture  production cost, can effective eliminate the destroy to biological diversity.

Develop organic farming. Organic agriculture is produced in accordance with the standards of organic agriculture as a mode of agricultural production. That is not used in the production process of organic synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, growth regulators and feed additives and other substances, do not use genetically modified organisms and their products obtained. Agriculture, organic farming emphasizes that all measures should follow the laws of nature, matter and energy recycling; protection of genetic diversity in agricultural systems, emphasizing the focus on social, economic and ecological environment of harmony, efficiency, sustainable development, stress can produce a natural, high nutrition organic food. Through with a series of sustainable developing agriculture technology, it can coordinate the relationship between farming and animal husbandry, promote ecological balance, biodiversity and sustainable use of resources and so on.

Develop ecological agriculture. Currently, most developed countries in the world to encourage the development of eco-agriculture-specific policies. Some experts predict that ecological  Agriculture  will become the mainstream of world agriculture and development. At present, some kinds of ecological agriculture model have been explored and a technical team of ecological agriculture has been established.

Develop pollution free agriculture. Pollution free agriculture contains two aspects: one is less application of pesticides, fertilizers, and other solid contaminants. Another is produce agriculture products with less harmful substance. Pollution-free agriculture is the essence of environmental protection and rational use of resources, to achieve the purpose of reduce pollution, input and increase output to achieve the sustainable development of agriculture.

Disposable Coveralls – Common Uses And Applications

The advent of disposable coveralls was led by the development of technologies and materials that produced durable, lightweight and filtering or impermeable non-woven fabrics that were comfortable enough to wear and inexpensive enough to discard. The specialized fabrics are widely used for disposable protective clothing or garments such as coveralls, aprons, jumpsuits, and shoe covers that shield against common work place hazards and grime. Disposable coveralls can be used for simple routines when employees don’t want to get grease or dirt on their clothes, or they can be used for more serious situations when the use of chemicals or other substances is involved.

For light-duty situations, employees can choose disposable coveralls that are made of lightweight, economical spunbond polypropylene that provides protection against dust as well as direct and incidental aerosol mist. The most common situations in which this type of disposable protective clothing is used is in cleaning, sanding, dirty repair jobs, dusty environments like grain and mill operations, or light painting. The coveralls are worn over a person’s clothing and zip up the front. Some coveralls have the added protection of elastic closures at the wrist and ankle, others have open wrists and ankles. Chose the style that is most appropriate for the situation and the best degree of protection.

For applications such as painting, general maintenance, dry chemical applications, construction, automotive, fiberglass, agriculture, food processing, environmental cleanup, and abrasive blasting, industrial users can look to disposable coveralls that provide a higher level of safety protection against dry particulates and light liquid splash. These protective coveralls can’t guarantee that something harmful won’t come in contact with the skin, but they can be effective at repelling most non-hazardous liquids and particulates. The most widely known version of disposable coveralls is Tyvek, manufactured by DuPont. However, today other companies have produced products that perform very well too. In situations where employees are performing heavy cleaning and using degreasers or other similar chemicals, disposable coveralls with a hood may work best. Used in conjunction with safety goggles, a hard hat, and other safety equipment, the user can perform work in greater comfort and safety.

In processing and manufacturing facilities such as food and chemical processors, petroleum refineries, and pulp and paper mills, a greater level of protection can be found in products as the DuPont Tychem QC clothing. These coveralls use a polyethylene-coated Tyvek fabric to provide extra resistance and protection against light liquid and chemical splash. The bright yellow color also provides contrast across a wide range of natural backgrounds for high visibility in the workplace. The lightweight fabric is durable and resists tears and abrasion. Boot covers may be an important option in these settings.

Advances in disposable clothing technology have made it possible to give employees an extra layer of comfort and protection for a reasonable cost. It makes sense to take advantage of that technology.

Could See A Crisis In Food Scarcity According To The Un Food And Agriculture Organisation

According to the latest predictions from the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) price volatility, climate change and crop diseases combined with poor harvests in 2010 could herald another food crisis in 2011, particularly in parts of Africa and Asia.

Floods in Pakistan and China and the summer drought in Russia, which led to a ban on all wheat exports this year, mean that stocks of wheat, maize and some other foods were not as high as in previous years.

It has already been seen that this has led to to commodity price speculation that pushed up the prices of these grains and food by 40% in a few months and food price inflation is currently running at 15% per year.

Almost certainly consumers and shoppers in most of the world will be facing higher food bills in 2011. The FAO’s November monthly report forecasts that these factors will lead to a running down of global food reserves, which are currently at around 74 days, and an increase in prices of between 10% and 20% in 2011.

The prediction is its most pessimistic since 2008, when more than 25 countries experienced food riots after price rises precipitated a food crisis that hit the poorest in many parts of the world.

Several other factors add to the problem. Current forecasts for world grain production next year are at 2% below 2009, lower than was anticipated last June, when production for 2011 was being forecast to expand.

In addition, the FAO says, climate change and the competition between food and biofuel production means that grain crops particularly command higher prices as biofuel rather than as food.

Increasingly unpredictable weather patterns attributed to climate change are adding to the situation’s volatility and the potential for further price speculation as well as the ongoing problem of some increasingly intractable diseases such as wheat rust, a fungus that can seriously affect the level of the harvest.

The report says: “The most feared disease of wheat’stem rust has re-emerged in a new virulent form, and new aggressive stripe rust strains are devastating wheat crops in several countries.” Since was first identified the pathogen, which is wind-borne and can travel up to several thousand kilometres, has continued to mutate and spread.

While reaching global agreement on tackling such issues as climate change and combating the temptation towards price speculation, protecting national economies by using import tariffs and restrictions in a global economic crisis may be moving far too slowly to have any major impact on food production and scarcity in the short term there are other strategies that could be used.

One is taking urgent action to restore degraded land around the world. There is an estimated 1bn hectares-plus of land with the potential to be restored. Another is to increase the fertility of existing land. In the context of improving fertility the use of disease resistant seeds, integrated pest management and conservation agriculture can all play a part.

The work of biopesticides developers in devising low-chem agricultural yield enhancers, biopesticides and biofungicides, all of which are kinder to the environment, soil and ecosystems could be particularly helpful to poorer small farmers in the developing world as long as there is wider agreement on speedy regulation and licensing as well as proper training and financial support for farmers to be able to access them.

Copyright (c) 2010 Alison Withers

Clemsons Sandhill Research And Education Center

The Sandhill Research and Education Center is a 600 acre facility on the northeast side of Columbia, South Carolina. The center is owned by Clemson University and is used as an agricultural research facility and lab. Its environmental conservation researchers develop best management practices for agriculture and forestry. The facility also provides garden information as part of its cooperative extension services.
While the research going on at the center is important, many visitors to Sandhill REC come for other reasons. The public is able to access the facilitys hiking trails and childrens garden, as well as purchase fresh produce at the seasonal farmers market. All of these activities are free to the public. Sandhill Research and Education Center also hosts several festivals and community events each year, including the long running Sparkleberry Country Fair in April.

Visitors will find two hiking trails at Sandhill REC. The Hardwoods Wetlands Trail begins at the lake. Heading downhill from the earthen dam, the trail crosses a stream via a wooden bridge. The 1 mile loop trail takes hikers through a mixed forest of pines and hardwoods. The forest floor is carpeted with ferns, which provide habitat for wildlife including deer and a variety of birds. The Conservation Station Interpretive Trail is a .5 mile loop trail. Visitors can enter the trail through a wooden door in the fence at the parking lot. Six educational kiosks highlight information on geology, forestry, soil, wildlife, water quality, and air quality. Hikers can walk out on a dock in the lake to view the lake habitat. They may see turtles, frogs, fish, snakes, and even alligators. Swimming and fishing in the lake are not permitted. The trails are open from 8am-dusk.

Children will love the Sandhill REC Childrens Garden. This area is actually several environmentally themed garden rooms. There is a Butterfly Garden, a Bird Garden, an Alphabet Garden, the Carolina Fence Garden, Mr. McGregors Garden, the Dinosaur Garden, a Rain Garden, and the Three Bears Homestead. The gardens are self guided and may be explored anytime during open hours. Visitors are welcome to bring lunch or a snack to enjoy at the picnic tables. Children will also want to play at the nearby Pooh Garden Playground.

The 2012 Sandhill Farmers Market will be open every Tuesday afternoon from May 1-November 20. Hours are 1-7pm. Visitors will be able to purchase the best in local produce, meat, eggs, butter, cheese, honey, baked goods, flowers, and plants. Many organic products will be available. Attendees will also be treated to live music and healthy lifestyle demonstrations.

Sandhill REC is located at 900 Clemson Road. Take I-20 East to Exit 80 and drive north for 2.5 miles. The facility is near the intersection of Two Notch Road (US Hwy 1).

Capitalism, Past And Present

Discuss capitalism would not be complete when not discussing the ideas of Adam Smith, particularly his ideas contained in his famous book, An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of The Wealth of Nations. As has been explained by the quote above, Smith put the freedom, markets and individual interests as the basis for economic concept. Three key concepts that would in turn become the basis for capitalism. There are five basic principles of capitalism, namely:

1. Capitalism is the full recognition of the rights of individual property or an individual with no specific boundaries. Private property rights is the guarantee for the individual concerned to uphold freedom and independence. Individual freedom will become a reality when he justified his own to have a guaranteed without parties or other individuals sued.
2. Capitalism is a recognition of the right of individuals to conduct economic activities in order to enhance socio-economic status.
3. Capitalism implies recognition of a push or economic motivation in the form of the spirit to achieve maximum benefit (profite oriented).
4. Capitalism also includes the affirmation of freedom of competition with other individuals (freedom for competition).
5. Capitalism recognizes the legal validity of the free market economy or the market mechanism (Seda, 1996:272).

Fifth recognition is then a manifestation of the concept of Laissez-faire, Laissez-Passer which is the core of capitalism and liberalism. “Modern Industry never have evolved without any division of labor and capital accumulation both of which were based on self-interest” says Smith.

Before rolling into other problems, it helps if we first discuss the origin of the word capitalism itself.

The terms of capital or capital or Capitale (derived from the Latin: caput, which means it is the head) appears first in the 12th century and 13th century which meant funds, stocks, some money and interest on the loan. Ferdinad Braudel quotes a priest of St. sermon. Bernardino of Siena (1380-1444), “quamdam seminale quam rationem lucrosi cummuniter vocamus capitale” (that is the main cause of prosperity usually capital). These terms refer, more narrowly, the wealth of money a company or a dealer. Berger writes, nouns “capitalist” is probably began in the mid 17th century which refers to the owners of capital. Adams Smith, who had been regarded as the father of capitalism do not use this term, instead he used the term “system of natural liberty.”

Warner Sombart was the first to recognize capitalism as a fundamental concept of a system of economic thought in his book, Der Moderne Capitalismus which was published 81 years ago (1921).

In the beginning introduction, the term of capitalism is not getting good response from social science experts, including Karl Marx himself was so excited and enthusiastic about offal dismantle capitalism. The term capitalism is even considered as an expression of a “lot of noise” that needs to removed from the vocabulary of social science experts. It’s different with the current condition where the term capitalism has become a kind of “life style icon” for intellectuals. Everyone is talking about capitalism and link (sometimes visible force) with a variety of social phenomena when trying to explain the reality of what happened.

One important point in the discussion of capitalism is to figure out a fundamental characteristic of these systems, as already mentioned above, ie, maximizing individual gains through economic activities that are intended to help the public interest. The principle that applies in the laissez-faire capitalism is, that is a principle that prohibits external authority to intervene in economic affairs. The basis of this principle is thought, that if humans are given the freedom to pursue profit there will be competition with the stability of society will be maintained because there are invisible hands that govern them. Another principle of capitalism is production for profit is intended to increase the capital. With this logic of the capitalist are competing to produce goods as efficiently as possible so that capital can be accumulated and the foundation of the company is getting stronger.

In development since its inception, capitalism has several historical stages. Dillard dividing the stages into three.

The early stage of capitalism (1500-1750). Development of capitalism can not be separated from the development of clothing industry in England in medieval times that is, the wool industry. Wool industry was built on the rural-rural England. Determination of rural areas as a production center, according to Dillard, beneficial for the development of British capitalism because of conflict-avoiding social conflict as happened in Florence in the 14th century and 13th-century Flanders.

Dillard trace, during this “social surplus” obtained is not used to build pyramids and cathedrals but is used to build businesses shipping, warehousing, raw materials, finished goods and various other form of wealth. In addition three other things that support their development is, first, the religious support for their hard work and live frugally. This support comes primarily from Protestant Calvinism and the teachings of Martin Luther King. For teaching the material prosperity of medieval Catholicism is considered “something” dirty. St. Jerome said, “a rich man, if not necessarily the child thief thief”. However, the development of trade in the late Middle Ages led to controversy and encourage efforts toward adjustment between theological doctrines with economic reality. In many regions of Europe, Venice, Florence, Augsburn and others, the capitalists violate the spirit and letter of prohibitions against manipulating the flowering of money. Protestant Reformation in the 16th and 17th centuries is also accompanied by economic changes that resulted in the development of capitalism in Holland and England.
Chronological and geographical correlation between this new religion with the growth in the economy to create the impression that Protestantism has a causal significance to the emergence of modern capitalism, although not in any sense the cause of capitalism, the first existing in a broad scope and growing, but ethics Protestants became strong stimulus for the economic order. Revision or interpretation of religious doctrine not only frees the capitalist practices of the sin of greed, but even membari divine support for the way life is.

Second, the effect of precious metal from the New World on the relative distribution of income on wages, profits and rent. Gold and silver from mines in Mexico, Peru and Bolivia to increase European precious metals stocks to seven-fold and increased the prices of up to two or three times in the years 1540-1640. The result is situated on rising prices, causing the landlords hit due sebandingnya not increase rents and increase the cost of living. For the landlords that aggressive, raise rents and apply the practices of capitalistic agriculture is the solution implemented. Inflation is giving birth profits for the capitalists, including traders, industrialists and other employers. In the end, these favorable conditions add to the savings and capital accumulation for them.

Third, the role in helping countries and directly to capital formation in multi-modal forms of capital. Dillard writes that the positive contributions and historical significance of mercantilism that era is the creation of necessary conditions for rapid economic change and cumulative in Western Europe.

Condition of Europe at that time was the same as the conditions of developing countries where the state started the 20th century, cumulative process of economic development. In addition the country also needed to create conditions which could give a proper atmosphere for the operation of such economic activities, providing protection from foreign attack, providing facilities that support transportation, communications and port installations, arrange a suitable legislation for capitalist progress, the creation of domestic markets and tax free other obstacles within the limits of state and others.

Classical capitalism (1750-1914). Start the 18th century there was a shift in the development of capitalism in which the domination of trade in economic activity is replaced by the industry. The domination of capital that had been dominated by trade in capital switched to industrial capital. This is caused by the industrial revolution in England. Adam Smith in An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of The Wealth of Nations it is the most influential factor in the development of classical capitalism.

After the French revolution and the wars, Napoleon swept the remnants of feudalism and mercantilism loosen, Smith’s policy came into effect. Policies of laissez-faire, laissez Passer (free trade, market mechanisms, a balanced budget and strong financial using the gold standard) is run. In England this system looks at the removal of Corn Laws in 1864.

Applicability of liberalism in European countries is the successful efforts of the bourgeoisie venture capitalists raised to a position for a while very influential. Economically successful political force that eventually generate profitable capitalistic process.

The implementation of free trade in his time period of economic expansion will bring a very large for Europe, with the colonization of Asia, Africa and Latin America.

Advanced phase of capitalism (since 1914-present). In this phase of capitalism is also experiencing rapid growth in its history insanely particularly in social management.

World War I marked a turning point in the development of capitalism in general and Europe khususnya.periode since 1914 witnessed a reversal of public interest to capitalism and the reversal of almost all the tendencies of the pre-war liberals. Sebalum decades of war, capitalism, strong leadership in Europe to run the international economic community. Developing world markets, the gold standard almost become universal, Europe acting as world and European banks became central to increasing the volume of international trade.

But after World War I, the trends change, U-turn. International markets subside, the gold standard was abandoned and the national payment instruments, preferably in a controlled manner, the hegemony of European banks moved to the United States. Regarding the actual displacement of this hegemony has been predicted long ago by Adam Smith:

Starting from shop owners, merchants and their legal experts (American colonists) would become statesmen and legislators and legislators-will be employed to reach a new form of government of a vast empire, which in their beliefs – beliefs which may very true – will be one of the largest and wonderful empire which had existed on this earth.

Of peoples in Asia and Africa that have been used as the colony managed to rise against European colonialism and also added in trade barriers, more and break the European dominance in the world.

Meanwhile capitalism in Eastern Europe began to weaken due to the Bolshevik revolution driven by Lenin. Revolution has been dismantling the principal institutions of capitalist private ownership of means of production over a large area, unload the class structure, the old forms of government and the established religion. Moreover spirit generated by the Russian revolution in less than half a century, managed to appear to challenge the superiority of capitalist organization of production systems. In Western Europe and the shift by abandoning traditional forms of capitalism. Above all, Laissez-faire, the policy into an agreement to the 19th century, had been humiliated by the war and postwar experiences.

With the onset of major depression in the 1930s, the capitalist system that had stood settled, shaken up by the roots. Laissez-faire, said Dillard, suffered a severe blow from the president’s New Deal of Franklin D. Roosevelt in the United States. Gold standard collapsed completely, falling stock markets. While in England, which is the home of capitalism, free trade be abandoned. Classical principle of strong financial, annual budget was balanced, in practice and theory is replaced by a planned deficit during depressed economic activity. At the end of World War II, the glorious period of classical capitalism fade with dinasionalisasikannya basic industries, including coal, transport, communications, public interest and the Bank of England by the labor party in power in England.

malaise Passover is the beginning of the welfare-state system that put the country back on its function – although not total as in communist countries. In the welfare-state system of state run social functions for maintaining the stability of capitalism.

Form of capitalism, this type can be seen in the United States, which by Saiful Arif mentioned systems in the United States has several aspects: first, the principle of freedom (freedom) which means free enterprise and invest (free entry in consumption and investment) and limitations on government intervention as well as arrange democratic political model.

Second, the principle of balance (equality). The presence of diffusion between the political and economic power; the same bargaining power between producers and consumers as well as equal opportunity as well as efforts to create equity.

Third, the principle of justice (fairness). Represents an attempt to avoid unfair practices such as workers who do not meet the standard; host relationships and exploitative employers and others.

Fourth, the principle of welfare (welfare). To take into account the allocation and production efficiency. Welfare parameters can be known through government oversight of price stability and efforts to create a condition of employment that is full employment (labor intensive).

Fifth, the principle of sustainable growth (sustainable growth). The indication is the real income growth and technological progress.

Susan George writes, in the year 1945 or 1950, if you seriously offer any ideas and policies that are currently referred to as neo-liberalism, you will be ridiculed on the stage or sent to a psychiatric hospital. In any western countries, at that time, each person is a Keynesian, Social Democratic or Christian-Social-Democratic Party or the Marxist. The idea that markets should be released to manage the public and political policies: an idea which states that countries should voluntarily stay away from the economy, or companies should be given total freedom, that trade unions should be curbed and social guarantees society must be reduced – such ideas felt very strange to the spirit of that era. Although some people approve of these ideas, but they will not hesitate to bring it and will find it difficult to find his audience.

But after the collapse of communism in 1989, the welfare-state is becoming obsolete. Collapse of the welfare-state system has actually been started unreadable since Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan to power and change the existing policy in their respective countries toward neo-liberalism that is often termed Thatcherism and Reagenisme. In the 1990s this condition is intensified with the increasing acceptance of neo-liberalism by most of the world community through the logic of globalization.

Does Muscle Milk Contain A Dangerous Neuro-toxin

If you are at all interested in building more and bigger muscles then you are sure to have come across the nutrition supplement industry that promises all kinds of results and improvements by buying and taking their supplements. One of the latest is a product called Muscle Milk promoted by people like Adrian Peterson which supposedly has been created to be similar to human milk. The idea is that since babies who are fed breast-milk grow so quickly, adults can benefit from a product that has been created to mimic it. However there is a dangerous ingredient in muscle milk. This article will explain the danger, how you can avoid it and how you can easily build muscles with a particular natural diet.

First of all this article will not argue that Muscle Milk doesn’t work. It can be useful in helping your body to build muscle. The problem is that it causes dangerous side effects and that the same results can be attained with natural foods as explained later.

Muscle Milk contains MSG (mono-sodium glutamate), and this is a neuro-toxin. Now glutamate is a common neurotransmitter in our brain and is naturally occurring. Glutamate attaches itself to neurotransmitters and excites them so that they can function properly. But if your neurotransmitters get too excited then you will get damage occurring in your brain.

MSG is typically added to processed food in order to make it taste better. However when you consume it and cause it to overexcite your neurotransmitters they eventually die. That is why it is called and excitotoxin as it literally kills your brain by overexciting the neurotransmitters.

The FDA has a rule that if an ingredient is less than 99% pure glutamate them MSG does not have to be listen on the label. Now there are several ingredients that contain MSG for example, hydrolyzed vegetable protein, hydrolyzed protein, hydrolyzed plant protein, plant protein extract, sodium caseinate, calcium caseinate, yeast extract, hydrolyzed gelatin, hydrolyzed oat flower and many more. These are all hidden forms of MSG. Muscle Milk contains some of these ingredients including calcium caseinate, sodium caseinate, hydrolyzed gelatin. It also contain other ingredients that are bad for your health such as corn-syrup, artificial flavors, vegetable oils, cotton seed oil, partially hydrogenated palm oil (trans-fat). So if you look at the ingredients of this product you can see that the health costs far outweigh the health benefits.

So what do you do if you want to gain muscle in a healthy and sustainable way. For that we have to go back in time, many thousands of years before the invention of agriculture back to the palaeolithic era (the stone age). Although people in the stone age lived on average a short life this was due to dying in battle or during hunts and from wild animals. Otherwise they were in phenomenal shape. Just take a look at how hunter gatherer that still eat in traditional ways look. For example the Masai in Kenya, they don’t suffer from obesity, cancer, heart disease, they all look toned and muscular.

The fact is that humans evolved to live on meat, fish, fruit, eggs, vegetables and nuts. That is the optimal diet for our body and together with exercise will lead us to a toned and muscular body. Bread, pasta, rice and all other foods based on grains and processed ingredients cause obesity and disease. If you want to be toned and muscular and avoid diseases like Alzheimer’s, cancer, heart disease, coeliac disease and IBS then this is the optimal way to eat.

Developing Innovation In Uk Agriculture

Consumers would welcome anything that helps keep the weekly grocery prices under control as food prices continue to rise while incomes stagnate.

Farmers, also, have come under increasing pressure from volatile prices for their crops, the efforts of suppliers to keep prices low in the shops and the increasingly uncertain global weather.

At the same time they are asked to farm sustainably to protect the environment, produce more natural, chemical free food and equally to improve the yield from their land to meet the food needs of a larger global population.

In the UK, some East Anglian organic grain farmers have recently joined together in a contract with a company that needed a regular supply of food for its organically-reared pigs.

As one farmer said, it is very difficult to assess the market supply and demand particularly in the organic market and the arrangement they reached had several benefits.

It meant both buyer and sellers were no longer susceptible to the vagaries of the market and to stablise the prices right through to the retailer and share the costs. It also made it possible to make the whole supply chain from land to pig meat traceable and to reduce the carbon footprint by supplying to a local buyer.

It worked because all those involved knew each other and were in the same area, but there is no reason why the model could not be used by other farmers both in the UK and overseas.

Research in East Agnlia is also being carried out to identify the different genetic characteristics in various grain seeds. The aim is to find those that are better for growing in an area of increasing drought and are better protected against the new plant diseases that might arise. Cross breeding, for example, could then be used to produce a resilient variety suited to the local climate.

Other research that has been going on, mainly in the USA has been in providing better crop and land protection in a more natural way, as a substitute for the many now-discredited older generation of chemical fertilisers.

The range of innovations includes biopesticides, biofungicides and yield enhancers that are developed from natural sources and leave minimal residues in the land and in the crop. They will also help farmers to meet the growing demand for natural foods with less waste and less loss of the nutrition in their land

These new low-chem agricultural products are subject to careful testing and licensing before they are allowed onto the market and this can be an expensive and lengthy process, taking up to eight years in some cases because regulation is not yet standardised across individual countries, so they may need to be licensed separately in several places.

There are signs, however, that more effort is being put into innovation in the various aspects of food production to respond to the concerns of consumers on both price and food quality.

Developing A Path For Sustainable Agriculture Jay Biotech

Developing a path for sustainable agriculture in India: JAY BIOTECH
This is regarding the TV programme telecasted on June 24, 2012 Satyamev Jayate.
First of all I would like to thank Mr. Amir Khan for taking such an initiative for sustainable agriculture.
Jay Biotech  and Bafna farm, Pune is working on similar lines for the development of sustainable agriculture for different crops especially grapes. During the programme, one of the grape grower mentioned about the heavy uses of chemicals for commercial grapes and separate, non-chemical grape plot for own consumption. This is alarming. However, only 3-5% of the grapes produced in India are exported, while >95% grape production is used for local market. The uses of chemicals is restricted if the production is for export purpose to avoid pesticide residue problem. Still, every year around 7% of the samples could not be exported due to the pesticide residue problem.
But, the situation is different for grapes production for local purpose. As rightly mentioned in the program, there is no pesticide analysis of grapes (or other produce) which is being sold locally. Due to this, the farmer who produces the grapes for local market does not bother about pesticide(s) residues and uses exceeding doses even to that of the recommended by chemical pesticide company. Also, there was an alarming point during the discussions that chemical pesticide companies give incentives to distributor/dealer to sale their products in huge quantum with more benefits. This has created a mess for today’s situation of Kerala/Punjab. Cancer Train and endosulphan in mother’s milk are the threatening example for a human being.
However, now a day, there are so many farmers adopting the techniques of sustainable agriculture. One of the best examples is of Bafna Farm, Rahu, Pune, Maharashtra.
There are few highlighting points of Jay Biotech and Bafna farm, Pune
1.Uses of Bio / Organic products since 10 years for grape management
2.Application of Bio / Organic products increased while reduced uses of chemicals by 60%
3.Produced 2 crops of grapes in a year
4.Produced pesticide free grapes
5.Uses of reverse osmosis water for spraying in grapes to avoid human pathogens like Salmonella typhii and Escherichia coli
6.Trials of bio/organic products since 10 years for with the recommendations of National or International laboratories
7.Successful trials for mealy bug control are in progress in collaboration with National Chemical Laboratory, Pune using only biological products.
8.Visit of Department of Biotechnology (DBT) taskforce (Bio-agents for agriculture) Chairman, Advisor and members to Jay Biotech and Bafna farm to see bio-control of mealy bug of grapes since 3 years
9.Visit of ASDA (UK, Supermarket) team to discuss the method for production pesticide free grapes
During the show Mr. Amir Khan rightly told that the said situation cannot be changed in a day. One has to reduce the uses of chemical(s) by increasing the uses of bio/organic products for sustainable agriculture. As mentioned by Shree Hukumchandji (farmer from Rajasthan), for the first year farmer may have to bear the loss for the yield, but it cannot go beyond 10%. At Bafna farm similar practice were adopted with slow and steady increase of bio/organic products since 10 years. Due to the uses of bio/organic products the fertility of soil increased, pest(s) and pathogen(s) problem was reduced, able to produce 2 crops of grapes in year with zero pesticides. If ZERO pesticide is possible for such a sensitive grapes, then it can be possible for any agricultural crops.
Integrated pest management can be a best practice to resolve this issue. Slowly and steadily it can take to complete organic agriculture. Please follow the models of Organic Sikkim and Organic Bihar. Every farmer has to take the lesson from this show and should be a part of sustainable agriculture to develop sustainable agriculture all over India.

Career Opportunities And Challenges In The Agriculture Biotechnology Industry

Because of our ever-increasing population that is predicted to reach eight billion by 2020, the need for food will remain a top priority, transcending all socio and geo-political boundaries. The increased demand for food will call on agriculture, specifically, to act as the biggest source of industry. And with the increased demand for foodstuff, better-quality yield and huge agricultural output will be required. (Though there has been vast improvement in the sector thanks to the improved quality of seeds, pesticides, and fertilizers.)
This is where the agriculture biotechnologist steps in. Agricultural biotechnologists are professionals who provide a set of tools, which, if incorporated suitably with other technologies, can be used for the sustainable development of agriculture and the food industry as a whole.

Scope of the Agri-Biotech Industry

With increased R&D efforts in the agri-biotech industry, the scope of agriculture-based biotech work has become tremendous. Agriculture biotechnologists’ roles are multifarious. From being people with strong scientific expertise to being good administrators and good marketers with sharp business acumens and strong communication skills, the career options for an agri-biotechnologist are vast. Choosing the right avenue is the main priority.

Nature of the Job

Today, with modern technologies like micro propagation which allows for the multiplication of virus-free plants and tissue cultures, agriculturists have successfully combated natural hindrances to productivity such soil imbalances, crop diseases, and genetic breeding. Therefore, the agriculture-based biotech industry needs people who are qualified in the fields of molecular biology, plant transformation and tissue cultures, biochemistry, plant genetics, pathology, entomology, and agronomy for trait evaluation and integration.

Career Options for Agri-Biotechnologists

The field of agriculture-based biotechnology is evolving each day, offering numerous career options. Besides employing people for research and development, the industry also caters to various other agri-biotech-related fields including horticulture, floriculture, dairying, poultry farming, and fishery. Agri-based biotechnologists can also sharpen their academic skills by working with food processing or post-harvest technology, better known as genetically modified (GM) technology.

Career Challenges in the Agri-Biotech Industry

With growing consciousness of the ills of chemically treated foodstuff, changes in approaches to farming are taking place all over the globe. The stage has been set for the advent of bio-chemicals and bio-insecticides, biofertilizers, and biofuels. Agriculture-biotechnology careers are never short of challenges, both natural and man-made. For instance, in the next two-and-a-half decades alone, the world must produce the same amount of food or more than what it produced in the last 10,000 years.

For a biotechnologist, the challenge does not end with producing sufficient amounts of foodstuff. The challenge lies not only in meeting requirements within deadlines but, at the same time, causing minimal harm to the earth. Agriculture biotechnologists have to combat odds like the depletion of precious top-soil at the rate of seven percent in 10 years in order to fulfill the increasing water requirements which will have doubled by that time.

Other Career Options

Several other career openings are available for agri-business graduates. From the more general opportunities within the agricultural and land-based sectors such as equine management, animal science, and horticulture, to global buying and trading of agricultural produce, the opportunities are vast for agriculture biotechnologists.

Career Choices For Young Generations Is Agriculture Still A Viable Option

These days there are several career choices for younger generation, some of these industries are more lucrative than the others and even in this modern times industries such as agriculture and forestry is still an option. However, does a career in agriculture can be as satisfying in terms of prospects and salaries as one in finance, insurance or engineering? Career paths in agriculture have its own pros and cons and we shall investigate these in the following next chapters.

First of all let us start our investigation with the prospective salary conditions. Salaries in agriculture are clearly lower than in any high paying industries. This lower figure are supported with a higher job security; large business entities working in this field are often enjoy continuous government funding in order to compensate the high business risks associated with animal husbandry and crop production such as weather conditions, pests and various diseases. Hence, being employed in a private agricultural business entity the employees can always feel the protective hands of the government yet not in that extent as those employed in the public sector.

People working in agriculture also enjoy a very healthy lifestyle involving long walks in the countryside and generally being outdoors on a regular basis. Those who are employed in finance and insurance spend weeks and months in overcrowded office environment surrounded by fluorescent lights and flickering screens. This sort of environment combined with high stress can often lead to serious health implications thus making a career in the agriculture seeming more valuable than are those in the highflying investment banking.

Should you become fed up with the work in rural settings you can always move to your nearby city and try to find another job there; with your skills you gained being in the management in an agricultural enterprise means that you have acquired a good set of transferable skills. These will always valued well in other industries as well thus you can be sure that a career change will not mean a great difficulty for you at all.

Last but not least, working in the agriculture naturally brings you in the heart of many small rural communities meaning that you will be socially accepted and you can be a useful part of such a community. Working in an office of a multi-national IT-firm can leave you with a strange feeling that you are not more than a number on a spreadsheet.

Having investigated several attributes of an agriculture-related career it is easy to accept that in contrast of lower salaries there are plenty of advantages making this career choice more valuable than the rest. Also, if you are still concerned because of lower salary prospects you can be assured; living in the country is always cheaper than living in a large city, so at the end the day your salary might even have a positive balance compared to one of an IT-executive.